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    The Rundown on the Amino Acids

    The Indispensable Amino acids

    Isoleucine
    A branched chain amino acid readily taken up and used for energy by muscle tissue.
    Used to prevent muscle wasting in debilitated individuals
    Essential in the formation of hemoglobin

    Leucine
    A branched chain amino acid used as a source of energy
    Helps reduce muscle protein breakdown
    Modulates uptake of neurotransmitter precursors by the brain as well as the release of enkephalins, which inhibit the passage of pain signals into the nervous system.
    Promotes healing of skin and broken bones.

    Valine
    A branched chain amino acid
    Not processed by the liver; rather actively taken up by muscle
    Influences brain uptake of other neurotransmitter precursors (trptophan, phenylalanine and tryosine).

    Histadine
    One of the major ultraviolet absorbing compounds in the skin
    Important in the production of red and white blood cells; used in the treatment of anemia
    Used in the treatment of allergic diseases, rheumatoid arthritis and digestive ulcers.

    Lysine
    Low levels can slow protein synthesis, affecting muscle and connective tissue
    Inhibits viruses; used in the treatment of herpes simplex
    Lysine and Vitamin C together form L-carnitine, a biochemical that enables muscle tissue to use oxygen more efficiently, delaying fatigue
    Aids bone growth by helping form collagen, the fibrous protein that makes up bone, cartilage and other connective tissue.

    Methionine
    Precursor of cystine and creatine
    May increase antioxidant levels (glutathione) and reduce blood cholesterol levels.
    Helps remove toxic wastes from the liver and assists in the regeneration of liver and kidney tissue

    Phenylalanine
    The major precursor of tyrosine
    Enhances learning, memory, mood and alertness
    Used in the treatment of some types of depression
    Is a major element in the production of collagen
    Suppresses appetite

    Threonine
    One of the amino detoxifers
    Helps prevent fatty buildup in the liver
    Important component of collagen
    Generally low in vegetarians

    Tryptophan
    Precursor of key neurotransmitter serotonin, which exerts a calming effect
    Stimulates the release of growth hormones
    Free form of this amino acid is unavailable in the U.S.
    It is only available in natural food sources
    Conditionally Dispensable Amino Acids

    Arginine
    Can increase secretion of insulin, glucagon, growth hormones
    Aids in injury rehabilitation, formation of collagen and immune system stimulation.
    Precursor of creatine, gamma amino butric acid (GABA, a neurotransmitter in the brain)
    May increase sperm count and T-lymphocyte response

    Cysteine
    Detoxifies harmful chemicals in combination with L-aspartic acid and L-citruline
    Helps prevent damage from alcohol and tobacco use
    Stimulates white blood cell activity

    Tyrosine
    Precursor of the neurotransmitters dopamine, norepinephrine and epinephrine, as well as thyroid and growth hormones and melanin (the pigment responsible for skin and hair color).
    Elevates mood
    Dispensable Amino Acids

    Alanine
    Major component of connective tissue
    Key intermediate in the glucose alanine cycle, which allows muscles and other tissues to derive energy from amino acids
    Helps build up the immune system

    Aspartic Acid
    Helps convert carbohydrates into muscle energy
    Builds immune system immunoglobulins and antibodies
    Reduces ammonia levels after exercises

    Cystine
    Contributes to strong connective4e tissue and tissue antioxidant actions
    Aids in healing processes, stimulates white blood cell activity and helps diminish pain from inflammation
    Essential for the formation of skin and hair

    Glutamic Acid
    A major precursor of glutamine, proline, ornothine, arginine, glutathione, and GABA
    A potential source of energy
    Important in brain metabolism and metabolism of other amino acids.

    Glutamine
    Most abundant amino acid
    Plays a key role in immune system functions
    An important source of energy, especially for kidneys and intestines during caloric restrictions.
    A brain fuel that is an aid to memory and a stimulant to intelligence and concentration

    Glycine
    Aids in the manufacture of other amino acids and is a part of the structure of hemoglobin and cytochromes (enzymes involved in energy production)
    Has a calming effect and is sometimes used to treat manic depressive and aggressive individuals
    Produces glucagon, which mobilizes glycogen
    Can inhibit sugar cravings

    Ornithine
    May help increase growth hormone secretion in high doses
    Aids in immune and liver function
    Promotes healing

    Proline
    A major component in the formation of connective tissue and heart muscle
    Readily mobilized for muscular energy
    Major constituent of collagen

    Serine
    Important in cells' energy production
    Aids memory and nervous system function
    Helps builds up immune system by producing immuno-globulins and antibodies

    Taurine
    Aids in the absorption and elimination of fats
    May act as a neurotransmitter in some areas of the brain and retina


    ----PoB----
    "Overzealous dosing" -Jin

    Rest in Peace Robot Lord. First round of Natty Boh is on me when I make it up there with you brother.

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